СОЦІАЛЬНО-ДЕМОГРАФІЧНІ ТА КЛІНІЧНІ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ ПАЦІЄНТІВ З АБУЗУСНИМ ГОЛОВНИМ БОЛЕМ В ПОЄДНАНІ З ХРОНІЧНИМ ГОЛОВНИМ БОЛЕМ НАПРУГИ
Introduction. A study of medication overuse headache (MOH) can define the risk group for MOH in patients with primary headaches. The aim of the research is to study the socio-demographic, clinical and pharmacotherapeutic characteristics of patients with MOH and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). Material and methods. We examined 28 patients with MOH in combination with CTTH and 34 patients with CTTH. MOH and CTTH were diagnosed according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd revision. Anxiety and depressive signs were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; abdominal obesity was determined using waist circumference. Quantitative values were presented as the median and the interquartile range. Quantitative samples were analyzed according to Mann-Whitney U-test, qualitative samples - according to Fisher's exact test. Differences at p <0.05 were considered significant. Results. Patients with MOH and CTTH had the following characteristics: female gender - 79%, age - 41.0 (33.0-49.5) years, familyless state - 54%, higher education - 25%, employment - 46%, smoking - 43%, anxiety signs - 71%, depressive signs - 75%, cervicalgia - 36%, lower back pain - 61%, arterial hypertension - 21%, diabetes mellitus - 7%, abdominal obesity - 46%, mild traumatic brain injury - 43%, headache intensity - 5.0 (4.0-6.3) points on a visual analog scale, duration of headache attacks - 7.0 (5.0-8.3) hours, age of CTTH onset - 31,5 (23,0-41,0) years, duration of CTTH - 9.0 (6,8-10,3) years, duration of MOH – 15.5 (8.3-20.8) months. Patients with MOH and CTTH compared to patients with CTTH were significantly younger, had a history of traumatic brain injury, had significantly more headache days per month. Patients with MOH and CTTH overused combined analgesics (47%), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (32%), triptans with analgesics (21%). Abortive medications had been used on 23.0 (18.0-28.5) days a month, in form of 32.0 (27.3 -41.8) doses a month.
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